Letter From William Geddes to John Geddes, August 3, 1830

Author: William Geddes

Date: August 3, 1830

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Londonderry August 3rd 1830

Dear Brother [John Geddes] I have delayed writing till the last hour and can still scarcely persuade myself to my duty. I have been working without intermifsion since hay making and harvest began which has lasted longer than any that I can recollect of which was owing to the goodnefs of the grain Crop which being extraordinary good; in all Sections of the Country. Our grafs was but middling. The grafs in some fields especially those that had been mowed the last season was were indifferent of in all parts of the Country; but those fields that were stuble fields were past Common good. Various causes or rather conjecture were given. Some said that it was injured by worms others by the late frosts which hurt that in the old fields worst it being the earliest. We had frost later this spring than for many years having it occasionally nearly to the first of June; though but slight ones. The weather was also very wet and cool until about the 21st of June. Some of the farmers had half of their hay half spoiled those in particular that are never satisfied unlefs they are foremost in everything. We did not commence making ours till late and had good weather from the start which has continued so until the day we finished our Oats which was on the 28th of July except that it was excessively hot for eight or ten days: the thermoneter rose to one hundred in Campbellstown one day and was quoted by the newspapers as being at 98 in different parts of the State.

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We have 1150 dozen of wheat; 333 of Rye. 450 of Oats The number of acres cut was 44 in wheat 10 in Rye 15 in Oats. Harvest wages the same as last year. The prices are Wheat .90 Rye .40. Corn .33 1/3 Oats .25 Beef per lb 5 cents Butter .08 Flaxseed 1.00 Per Bu. Flaxseed Oil .80 per gal. Salt 2.62 1/2 per bbl. I quite keeping School on the 5th of June and do not intend to resume it; it is not agreeing well with me and the wages being too low. I lost during the time that I kept twenty pounds of flesh. My weight at present is but 145 which was neither increased nor diminished since I left the school room; notwithstanding the heat and hard work. What I shall do this winter is hard to say; if I can get work in the milling line without spending too much time and money in search of a place I will. It agreed much better with me than teaching. James Wilson was married in June to Mifs Jane Harrison of East Hanover; which is the only change that has taken place since my last. Politicks has not yet begun to be the first topic on the carpet but shortly will and doubtlefs will be warmly contested at least in a wordy war. I shall take but little part in the matter for in this part of the state there is but few to oppose anti masonry. As it respects the Sabbath mail question I have heard but few speak of it: the voice of the Country however is with Mr Johnston but I am a more decided friend of a regular observance of the sabbath than you appear to be. I am fully persuaded that in a private or publick point of view the refraining of labour of all kinds would promote

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the wellbeing of Society; leaving spiritual things wholly out of the question. Man was not made for the Sabbath as the preaching of the whole of our Clergy would appear to infer but the Sabbath was made for man; for man’s benefit not for god’s because we can not add to or diminish the glory god. Is not six days out of seven suffecient to supply all our wants in a private capacity and why not in a Public one Must we be slaves and that of our own making !!! For what: for the blefsing of life but who can prove that to be a good; none but those that have lost the sense of pain will attempt at it; or fools. That much might be done for the Christian part of the community if it was but to strengthen the bond of our Union; if any sect of Men saw that government were desireous of promoting their happinefs so far as was pofsible; would it not endear them to that Government. The respect of opinion constituts a portion of our happinefs. It is a day of liberty to me and I always rejoice when it arrives. I am then as free as the mountain air I ramble wheresoever I will. I have heard nothing about the Census of our County and it is as likely you will get an account of it in the Philadelphian as soon as I will; however after supper or to morrow morning I will try to get the german papers and the result you shall have. We are all well but Thomas who has been complaining of a pain in his side.

To John Geddes Wm. Geddes