Vine Deloria, Jr., 1933-2005

Vine Deloria, Jr., generally considered by historians and anthropologists to be the most important spokesperson for Native American issues for the last thirty-five years, died November 13, 2005.

Deloria exploded into the national consciousness in 1969 with his incendiary Custer Died for Your Sins: An Indian Manifesto.

Several of his other writings – God Is Red: A Native View of Religion (1973), Behind the Trail of Broken Treaties: An Indian Declaration of Independence (1974), and Red Earth, White Lies: Native Americans and the Myth of Scientific Fact (1995) – showcased his dual background training as both a student of theology and an attorney.

Mr. Deloria, who spoke tirelessly against the U.S. policy of termination which sought to blend Native Americans into mainstream cultural, was 72.