Stanislaw Lem, author of such science fiction classics as Solaris and His Master's Voice, died Monday, March 27, 2006, in Krakow, Poland.
Solaris, the first Lem science fiction title to be published in America, was made into a movie in 1972. It won The Grand Prize of the Jury that year at the Cannes Film Festival. Thirty years later, Steven Soderbergh remade Solaris starring George Clooney.
Born in Lvov, Poland (now in Ukraine) on September 12, 1921, Lem studied medicine until he abandoned it during World War II to work as a mechanic.
Following the war, he pursued his writing career with a vengeance, often to the dismay of the Polish Communist regime.
Lem, who won the Kafka award in 1991, was 84 years old.