Ann Arbor. Michigan. U.S.A.
ARGUS SERVICE POLICY AND GUARANTEE
The ARGUS Camera is guaranteed against defective material and workmanship for 90 days after
shipment. This guarantee is lim¥ited to the return of the camera to the fac¥tory with
transportation charges prepaid, where any defects will be corrected and the camera returned with
transportation charges prepaid.
I n order that ARG US owners may be as¥sured of low upkeep cost of our cameras after expiration of
the above guarantee, the factory will put in first class condition any ARGUS Model "K" Camera
shipped to them, with transportation charges prepaid to the owner for the sum of 2.00. This policy
is effective for one year from date of purchase. This does not cover replacement of camera cases
broken through misuse or cameras which have been abused.
NOTICE TO ARGUS CAMERA OWNERS
In order that you might insure your camera against defective material and work¥manship for 90 days
after shipment, it is necessary that you fill out the registration card supplied with your camera
and return it to ou r factory within 15 days after pur¥chase. When writing the factory, please
mention the model and serial number of your camera.
F IGURE I
I. Cartridge Chamber Cover 5. Focusing Ring 2.. Shutter Lever 6. Counter Dial 3á Shutter Speed Ring
7. Win ding Knob
4. Cab le Rel ease Socket 8. Expos ure Meter Exit
9. View Finder Window
The Argus candid camera is a preCISIOn instrument. The ultimate success of pictures made with a
miniature camera depends largely upon the intelligent use of the camera and the careful handling of
35 mm. negatives. This instruction book should be read care¥fully and the user should be familiar
with every part of the camera together with an understanding of its function. I t is recom¥mended
that the descriptions relative to ex¥posure and the general handling of the cam¥era be studied
carefully before loading the camera with film.
There are many excellent 35 mm. films on the market. Some films are best when used outdoors, and
others are more suitable for indoor or night photography. The slower or medium speed films are noted
for fine grain and full color renditions. The faster films have a slightly larger grain size with
less color rendition, but are ideal for use in night pho¥tography or whenever light conditions are
35 mm. film may be purchased either in daylight loading cartridges, or in bulk lengths. Film
manufacturers furnish bulk film in lengths from 25 foot to 100 foot rolls. Some films are notched
and cut into 36 exposure lengths which assists greatly in darkroom loading into cartridges. Eastman
or Agfa Cartridges are ideal for loading with bulk film. Your local photo finisher should be able to
supply these empty magazines. The ARGUS camera is so constructed that all types of daylight loading
35 mm. magazines may be used.
Daylight loading cartridges are usually fil¥led with 36 exposures of 35 mm. double per¥forated
The success of miniature negatives depends largely upon fine grain development and careful handling.
Careful developing in such solutions as ARGUS AR-I will result in beau¥tiful grainless negatives.
If fine grain develop¥ing is not available locally forward your films to one of the many
laboratories which spec¥ialize in wnrk of this type.
LOADING THE CAMERA
I t is always advisable to load the camera in subdued light. Never expose the cartridge to bright
Open the back by pushing the catch but¥ton (18, Fig. 3) up, and pulling it open by means of the
button on the end.
Figure 2 shows a standard 35 mm. day¥light loading cartridge being inserted into the camera. This
is accomplished by pulling off the cartridge chamber cover (I, Fig. I), and dropping in the
cartridge with the round spacer bushing up. The projecting end of the film should be held back in
the opposite direction from which the film is wound, as shown, so that when the cartridge is in the
case, the end will not be hidden behind the cartridge. Drop the cartridge down over the rewind shaft
(12) engaging the slot on the shaft with the tongue in the cartridge and compressing the cartridge
ejector spring. Re¥place the cartridge chamber cover taking care that the round spacer bushing on
top of the cartridge goes up into the hole in the center of the bottom of the cover.
The film must next be threaded into the camera as shown in Figure 3. Draw out enough film to reach
the winding shaft (17). Slip the end of the film under the film holding spring (19) far enough so
that it is securely held. If the projecting end of the film is trimmed into a tongue which lies
either at the top or bottom of the film strip, so that it does not engage the holding spring, this
will have to be torn or trimmed off so
that the longest point of the film lies in the center where it can slip under the holding spring.
Wind one turn of film onto the shaft for security while holding down release but¥ton ( 15, Fig. 2).
Be sure that the sprocket is engaged with the perforations of the film. Push the latch button up
toward the top of the camera, close the back and then permit the latch to spring back and lock.
Always try the back and be sure it is completely locked.
MAKE YOUR OWN PRINTS
After the back is in place, the film must be advanced until a new exposure is in cor¥
FOR LESS THAN A CENT EACH
rect place behind the lens. T his is accom¥plished by turning the winding knob (7, Fig. I) in the
direction of the arrow until a click is heard or the film counter dial (6, Fig. I) stops rotating.
Depress the counter dial re¥lease (1 5, Fig 2) momentarily while advanc¥ing the film and advance
one full rotation of the counter dial. Repeat this operation twice. At this point unexposed film is
in correct ex¥posure position for the first picture. The counter dial should now be rotated in a
counter-clockwise direction with the thumb until the zero figure is opposite the counter dial
indicator point. T he counter dial is held in place by a friction arrangement and a firm pressure is
necessary to set the dial.
After the first picture is taken the film should be advanced at once to form a habit of preventing
double exposure, or blank frames. When the film is advanced one frame the counter dial advances
nearly a full revolution and will stop opposite figure I indicating the number of exposures made.
When the 36 exposures have been com¥pleted, rewind the film by turning the re¥wind knob (21, Fig.
4) in the direction of the arrow until the winding knob (7, Fig. l) stops rotating. Never open the
camera back until the film has been rewound.
CAUTION: When winding or rewinding the film be sure that its movement is not
Album prints. in 2% x 41/4 Argus stan¥dard size. actually cost you but a pen¥ny apiece when you
use an Argus Speed Printer and Argus Bromex Paper.
EASY. ECONOMICAL. FAST
No focusing. no trimming of paper: merely insert film in slide and place paper as shown in
illustration. Press handle down for desired exposure. Pa_ per is then developed in the usual
manner. See next page for example of pic¥ture made with Argus Speed Printer.
THE "AUTOMATIC" , .$15.00
ACTUAL SIZE OF STANDARD ARGUS PRINTS
H ERE is the actual size of pictures from 35 mm_ film with an Argus Speed Printer on Argus Bromex
Argus Bromex paper comes in single or double weight. g.lossy. semi-matt or silk finish. in soft.
medium or hard. It is cut to the size illustrated. with allowance for an eighth of an inch border
around picture. made specifically for use in Argus printers.
Both the Argus "Automatic" printer, and the Argus "Electromatic" (illustrated on fol¥lowing page)
operate on IIO,120 volt AC or DC and handle strip film or single negatives.
NEW ARGUS ELECTROMATIC
TAKES All GUESS-WORK
OUT OF PRINT-TIMING
The "Electromatic" Speed Printer is equipped with a photo-electric "eye" which "reads" the
density of your nega¥tive and gives proper exposure or tim¥ing in making prints. Merely set one
indicator for negative density. another for paper surface being used. and flip the starting switch.
When print is cor¥rectly exposed. the light goes off. Save paper by getting a GOOD PRINT EVERY
TIME; eliminate trial and error methods.
List price THE "ELECTROMATIC" .. . $35.00
restrained by pressing the hand against the free moving knob. Do not attempt to force the film
after the counter dial has stopped or the full number of exposures are reached. Attempting to get
more pictures may pull the film from the magazine, and prevent re¥winding. If this should occur it
will be neces¥sary to remove the fi lm in total darkness.
Shutter speeds are set by turning the knurled ring (3, Fig. I) until the indicator mark is
directly above the desired speed. A setting midway between marked speeds will result in that
fraction of a second. For ex¥ample with the indicator between 1/ 50 and 1/100 the shutter will
operate at 1/75 of a second. The shutter speeds are as follows: 1/25, 1/ 50, 1/ 100, 1/ 200, "B" and
The "T " is the proper setting for time ex¥posures. When the shutter is set for "Time" one stroke
of the lever (2) will cause the shutter to open and remain open until a second stroke of the lever
When the shu tter speed ring is set oppo¥site "B" the shutter will remain open as long as the lever
is depressed and closes as the pressure is released. When either a "B" or 'T" setting is used the
camera must be held on a tripod.
The high shutter speed is for stopping motion, but the fastest shutter speed pos¥sible shou ld be
usee! which will permit stop¥ping the lens down sufficiently to obtain the depth of field desired.
1/ 100 second is the best all around speed for miniature camera work. The advantage of fast shutter
speeds is in controlling camera movement.
F IGURE 4
The Model K Argus Camera has a built-in, coupled to the lens, exposure meter. The ex¥posure meter
is of the extinction type, and is mechanically coupled to the diaphragm "stop opening" of the
To use the meter, first decide on the proper shutter speed as described in the paragraph above. Then
set the dial pointer (25, Fig. 4)
on the bottom of the exposure meter to this speed on scale (24). Push the little knob (26) clear
back to the position opposite f:4.5 on scale (23). Turn the camera so that the ex¥posure meter
window (8, Fig. I) is turned on the object desired to photograph. Point the meter at the subject of
interest and be care¥ful not to include more sky or background than necessary. If the degree of
brightness of the subject varies considerably or shadow detail is desired aim the meter at the
shaded parts and approach as close as possible to them. Now look in to the exposu re meter tu be
(10, Fig. 2). A light dot will be noted at the end of the tube.
Pull the knob (24, Fig. 4) back toward the
f: II position until the light dot just disap¥pears or "extinguishes." Set the knob at the exact
point where the dot disappears. The lens is now set for proper exposu re if the shu tter speed dial
is set to the speed at which pointer (25) is set.
If the light dot in the tube is not visible at the f :4.5 position of lever (26) it means too fast a
shutter speed has been chosen for the amount of light available. Turn the shutter speed indicator
pointer to a lower speed. I n the same manner if the dot will not disappear even if the lever is
pulled clear back to f: II it means that the shutter speed is too slow for the amount of light. Thus
the meter will not permit a bad expo¥sure.
If it is desired to make shots without using the exposu re meter, setting lever (26) to the figures
on scale (23) sets the diaphragm in the shutter to the stop indicated on the scale. There is no
diaphragm or "stop opening" scale on th~ shutter itself as this would be a dup¥lication.
The exposure meter is set for use with films of a Weston rating of approximately 48-50 daylight.
This takes in the most popular all around films such as Agfa "Supreme" and Eastman "Plus X". For the
very fast films stop down to the next stop figure on the dial in a counter-clockwise direction than
that which the meter indicates byextinguish¥ing the dot. In the same manner when using the slower
films such as Eastman Panatomic X and Agfa Finopan and Plenichrome set the diaphragm opening to the
next stop figure in the dial in a clockwise direction indicated by the meter. T hus, if the meter
f:8 and Agfa Finopan is in the camera move the lever to f :5.6 before taking the picture.
If the dial is already at the end of the scale tu rn to the next slower shu tter speed, reset the
meter by the dot and move one stop in a clockwise direction (for a slower film ) .
When using Kodachrome the lever should be set three stop figures on the dial in a clockwise
direction from that which the meter indicated. As this is not possible directly unless the meter
should stop at f: II , note the
number of figu res that the lever could be moved including f :4.5 then subtract this fig¥ure from
3. Set the lever at the number of figures from the f: II end, including f: II, indicated by the
result of the subtraction and set the shutter speed to one speed slower.
Thus if the meter stopped at f :5.6, 1/ 100 sec. the diaphragm should be set to f:8 and the shutter
to 1/ 50 sec. (f :4.5 is the only stop left. Su btracting I from 3 leaves 2.
f:8 is the second stop from the f: I I end, in¥cluding f: II. 1/50 sec. is the next slower shutter
speed. If the meter had stopped at f :8, 1/ I 00 sec. the proper setting would be
f:l l, 1/50 sec. etc.)
Remember lever (26) sets the diaphragm on the lens but lever (25) does 110t set the shut¥ter speed
of the camera. This is done on the front of the camera as described.
The iris diaphragm regulates the amount of light passing th rough the lens. It is set directly by
turning lever (26, Fig. 4). The diaphragm size is indicated on scale (23) as follows f :4.5, f :4.6,
f :8, and f: II. The f :4.5 is the greatest aperature possible and admits the most light. Each
smaller stop admits about one-half as much light as the preceding one. Decreasing the diaphragm
opening in¥creases the depth of field. Scenes and land¥scape should always be stopped down to at
least f :8.
I n this camera the diaphragm will usually be set by the use of the exposure meter as described
above. However, shutter speeds should be selected which will let the meter stop the diaphragm at
openings which give the requi red depth of field.
The lens is focused by turning of ring (5, Fig. 1). The lens is set to focus on an object at the
distance from the camera which appears on the ring opposite the arrow on the core. For quick
focusing on candid shots the focusing scale is divided up into "zones" of different colors. The zone
from infinity to 18 feet being for distant and landscape work, the 18 to 6 foot zone for nearby
groups and objects, and the close up zone from 6 feet to 3.5 feet is for portraiture and very close
objects. The depth of focus of the Argus lens is so great that very good results can be ob¥tained
by just focusing to the proper zone an.d shooting. This permits of great speed in uSIng the camera.
Where critical sharpness of a certain obj ect and where maximum en¥largement is desired. set the
scale to the exact footage.
. The tripod socket (22, Fig. 4) is tapped with the standard American thread. Any Am¥erican or
Argus tripod will fit Argus Cameras.
AIM AND SHOOT
The camera is aimed at the subject by holdlI1g the back of the camera firmly against the face or
forehead and sighting through the rear vIew finder (1 I, Fig. 2). The view finder shows the subject
as it will appear when photographed. The view finder is pur¥posely designed to cover slightly less
of the subject than that actually photographed. This difference provides a safety factor and
jJrevents cutting off parts of interesting sub¥Jects.
When the subject has been correctly cen¥tered and composed in the view finder you are ready to make
the actual exposure.
The shutter should be operated with a steady squeezing action on the lever, (2, Fig. 1) while the
camera is held firmly against the face.
INTERNATIONAL INDUSTRIES. INC.
Ann Arbor. Michigan. U. S. A.
CD"47 Printed in U.S.A.